Annals of Saudi Medicine
Publication of the King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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GUIDELINES
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 38-49

Saudi guidelines for testing and treatment of latent tuberculosis infection


1 Department of Medicine, King Saud University for Health Sciences, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2 King Khalid University Hospital and College of Medicine, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia
3 King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
4 Riyadh Armed Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
5 Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
6 Montreal Chest Institute & Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, McGill University, Montreal, Canada

Correspondence Address:
Hamdan H Al Jahdali
Division of Pulmonology, Department of Medicine, King Saud University for Health Sciences, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh
Saudi Arabia
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DOI: 10.4103/0256-4947.59373

PMID: 20103957

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Pulmonary tuberculosis is a common disease in Saudi Arabia. As most cases of tuberculosis are due to reactivation of latent infection, identification of individuals with latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) who are at increased risk of progression to active disease, is a key element of tuberculosis control programs. Whereas general screening of individuals for LTBI is not cost-effective, targeted testing of individuals at high risk of disease progression is the right approach. Treatment of those patients with LTBI can diminish the risk of progression to active tuberculosis disease in the majority of treated patients. This statement is the first Saudi guideline for testing and treatment of LTBI and is a result of the cooperative efforts of four local Saudi scientific societies. This Guideline is intended to provide physicians and allied health workers in Saudi Arabia with the standard of care for testing and treatment of LTBI.


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