Annals of Saudi Medicine
Publication of the King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 145-148

Rate of conversion and complications of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a tertiary care center in Saudi Arabia

1 Department of General Surgery, Mansoura Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura, Egypt
2 Department of General Surgery, Khamis General Hospital, Khamis Mushayt, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Wagih Ghnnam
Lecturer of General Surgery, Department of General Surgery, Mansoura Faculty of Medicine, 1 Elbahr Street, Elgomhoria, Mansoura, Dakahlia

DOI: 10.4103/0.


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Background and Objectives : Problems during laparoscopic cholecystectomy include bile duct injury, conversion to open operation, and other postoperative complications. We retrospectively evaluated the causes for conversion and the rate of conversion from laparoscopic to open cholecystectomy and assessed the postoperative complications. Methods : Of 340 patients who presented with symptomatic gall bladder disease over a 2-year period, 290 (85%) patients were evaluated on an elective basis and scheduled for surgery, while the remaining 50 (14.7%) patients were admitted emergently with a diagnosis of acute cholecystitis. Results : The mean age of the patients was 41.9 (12.6) years. Conversion to laparotomy occurred in 17 patients (5%). The incidence of complications was 3.2%. The most common complication was postoperative transient pyrexia, which was seen in four patients (1.2%) followed by postoperative wound infection in three patients (0.9%), postoperative fluid collection and bile duct injury in two patients each (0.6%). Conclusion : Laparoscopic cholecystectomy remains the 'gold standard' by which all other treatment modalities are judged. Conversion from laparoscopic to open cholecystectomy should be based on the sound clinical judgment of the surgeon and not be due to a lack of individual expertise.

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